Unit 8 – Gargoyles and Grotesques

Project proposal

Project brief

Mind map & Inspiration board

Contact sheet

I visited Cambridge’s major universities and parks five times to get primary research on gargoyles. As a college, I visited the gonville and caius college and took a total of 28 gargoyles. Most of them were restored due to erosion and weathering, but after reading local university newspapers, what I felt was that it was worth the research in that modern masons tried to embody the gargoyles of the Middle Ages as much as possible. There are also large and small gargoyles around King’s college, so I left them as pictures. Gargoyles of the Victorian era visited the Catholic church of our lady and were able to observe more dynamic and less formal gargoyles than medieval gargoyles. Both universities and churches had extremely finely carved gargoyles, which were not enough to be implemented with ordinary cameras. Accordingly, the surface of the moon was captured with a digital camera capable of shooting with good pixels.

1 – 1. Gargoyle reports

1 – 2. Gargoyle reports

1. Medieval period gargoyles in Cambridge

Primary research

Digital drawings

All of the above four gargoyles were drawn by digital drawing. The upper two are St.john’s chepel’s medieval gargoyles, and the lower two are the gonville and caius gargoyles. What I feel when I see gargoyles in the Middle Ages is that whenever I see them, they are clichéd and boring. Unlike gargoyles in the Vitoria era, they are formal and faithful only to their use (water outlet). The size, orientation and appearance are also similar, making it difficult to find the individuality of each animal, and most of the faces are mammals, especially lions, which reduce diversity. But one thing that was interesting to me was that medieval churches and gargoyles had colors! In fact, some of the unspoilt gargoyles still have color, and the process of studying the shapes and colors that people think about specific objects at that time will be interesting and valuable.
And I was able to find the ‘color’ used in the Middle Ages after several visits to Cambridge, which I discovered at St John’s College. I have inserted the picture below.

Colors of Medieval period – St John’s College (1511)

1 – 1. Deep study of Gonville & Caius college

Secondary research

1 – 2. Further study of Gonville & Caius college

2. Victorian gargoyles and grotesques in Cambridge

Primary research

My discovery about mason of Catholic church of our lady

Traditional drawings

Shading with pencil

I used a pencil drawing to draw one of the gargoyles of the Catholic church of our lady. I start sketching and tone at the same time, so the sketch is somewhat inaccurate. The demons of the Middle Ages usually took the shape of a goat and became chimeras by being combined with bat wings. I believe that the criterion that distinguishes the good and evil of gargoyles is their wings. If gargoyle have the wings of a bat, it will be more like a devil, however if gargoyle have the wings of an eagle, it will be more like an angel. There are always gods and angels at the top of the church, and most angels do not have bat wings (But this is just a personal opinion).

Painting with watercolor

This time, I drew with watercolors. As I bit sketched with a pencil before painting over it, there are pencil marks.
The reason gargoyles are particularly fresh and entertaining, unlike other contemporary statues, is that they deal with ‘human nature and desire’. Even being placed in the church is cruel and sexual. The original gargoyle I painted in watercolor is one gargoyle biting another. To increase Brutal effect, I emphasized each face description and drew additional blood. Gargoyles that are dynamic and require a lot of space to arrange, such as mouth-pullers, are placed in the corner’ as above. I think this is also an important factor.

1 – 1. Digital drawings

Above and below 8 pictures were drawn with digital techniques bringing Intuitive benefits. The general animals represent vertebrates, primates, and amphibians; especially leopards, lions, and tigers were commonly used as they often symbolized God’s authority (but they did not always show virtue). Other rare animals include frogs, bats, eagles, snakes, and dragons. Frogs are symbols of pornography and sexual desire, and bats have the role of powerful gatekeepers. The eagle was noble to see far away, but sometimes it was a symbol of arrogance. Snakes and dragons symbolize the resurrected Christ.

1 – 2. Digital drawings

I was also curious about the change in interpretation according to the position of the gargoyle rather than the meaning inherent in the animal figures of the gargoyle. Usually, at the top of the church, there was a figure of a god, or angel, instead of a gargoyle, which expressed a divine judgment, or a triumph of God. Also, when I visited the interior of the Catholic Church of our lady, there was not a single gargoyle inside, unlike the exterior of the building. This may have been the role of a gatekeeper to guard the church against outside demons, or it may have been a problem simply placing a bizarre image inside the church.

Visiting Catholic church of our lady

Taking pictures on Catholic church of our lady, Cambridge

More Secondary research

Landscape drawing

Why is it important for studying Tiger and Lion movements?

Animal movement drawings – Tiger

Secondary research

In fact, there was a small problem with the final tiger work. The tiger’s front figure and the inclination of the skeleton did not match. Instead, Failure 3 was more accurate for the slope, but the reason why it was not adopted as the final version was not interesting to see because the skeletal structure was not clearly visible.

Short GIF animation

There is a big difference between the way I make an animation by guessing the tiger’s movement and the way I capture the tiger walking and draw it on it. If I capture the video of a tiger walking one by one, then draw it one by one and make it into a GIF, I will be able to produce incredibly accurate animations. But before that, I decided to make a simple GIF, and I’m going to create a very short tiger animation consisting of 10 chapters. To this end, I took 10 animal photos on YouTube, opened them in Photoshop, and finished them by adjusting the degree of impermeability.

Animal movement drawings – Lion

Secondary research

Long GIF animation

After repeating this simple labor for two days, I got respect for the animation makers at Ghibli and Disney. I was reminded that people still think animation software will make animation itself with few or even without labor. but that was not happened in fact unfortunately.
What I feel about the animation I have made is that the overall quality is quite high, but I feel a little bored because it is not a dynamic movement. In addition, the lack of ‘naturalness’, one of the important factors that distinguish good animation, is the biggest drawback of this work. To compensate for this, it is necessary to get out of Photoshop animation software as soon as possible.

Three main Artist research

1. Isao Takahata basic research

2 – 1. Japanese Youkai intensive Study

1. Treasure ship: As a result of translating Japanese into English, the illustration represents a’treasure ship’. This is a scene in the second half of the movie’Pompoko’, when raccoons, including Gonta, die by humans, ride a treasure ship to the underworld. Even if I couldn’t read Japanese, the first reason that I guessed it was a treasure ship was that I saw a lot of instruments in the ship. Usually’musical instruments’ symbolized money and power in East Asia in the past.

2. Raccon:In the illustration, I can see raccoons holding each other’s bodies and standing straight. It also emits a mysterious fire, and I discovered that this was also included in Pompoko. Raccoons that can transform into specific objects can transform into something big by joining forces.

3. ?: I’m not sure, but I matched it by seeing the ghost hanging upside down from the ceiling. I don’t know the exact name of the yokai

7. Biwa(琵琶) and Koto(琴): These are the ghosts that appear in the 14th century’s first scroll-style ghost illustrations. However, the illustrations I inserted were remade in the 18th century, so there are some differences in form. In the original (14th century) painting, as seen in the Pompoko movie, you can see Biwa pulling the Koto string.

8. The simpler the Yokai, the more it maintained a certain shape even if it became a homage later. The same goes for the cast iron pot, and the original 14th-century painting is shown in the pompoko on the right side.

11. Slippery: It is one of the most impressive monsters among the monsters I researched. Literally translated in English, it is ‘Slippery’. I can see the shape of the face melting down.

12. badger on the left the illustration

13. Shadow ghost: The Shadow Ghost appears at the beginning of pompoko’s ghost parade.

17. The photos I have placed above were created to illustrate the connection between “The illustrated Night parade of Hundred Demons” and the animation Pompoko. First of all, one thing was certain: the animation Pompoko was inspired by Japanese scroll-style ghost paintings in the 14th century. For this reason, most of the Yokai focused on restoring animation rather than reinterpretation. It was actually proved as thesis data. On the other hand, the illustrations I investigated were rejected in the 18th century, when the Japanese Ukiyo-e (浮世絵) was popular, and therefore, they were used for more commercial purposes in the form of woodcut rather than scroll-type drawings. Also, the figures and stories of the monsters have changed over the centuries. The reason that impressed me most was that although I referenced the illustration of the oldest version of the yokai at the time of Pompoko, I found 16 kinds of yokai that matched “The Illustrated Night parade of a Hundred Demons” produced approximately 200 years later. Paid, and this could be the first. Therefore, I will compare it with the original illustration in the form of a scroll, and after further researching the’Giant Mouse’ of “The illustrated Night parade of a Hundred Demons”, I will produce it in the style of Pompoko animation.

2 – 2. Japanese Youkai intensive Study

3. Animation creating process

4. Enjoy an GIF animation

How I felt after making:
First of all, the success factor has great significance in that it showed a very in-depth analysis and exploration ability about the origin and story of the book, and restored the woodblock print of the Japanese ghost around the 17th century in the form of animation as much as possible. This is valuable in that I tried to understand the overall Japanese ghost culture and applied it to artist secondary research. However, in the animation production process, It was true that the number of pictures constituting the overall frame was insufficient, which made the animation more awkward. It is also a pity that there is no dynamic movement, and it is not fun to see, and the scene of eating a document, which is one of the most important features of raigo, has not been seen. There was a limitation in realizing the movement of a large and fast mouse, and it was not possible to show emotion indirectly through the facial expression of raigo. In conclusion, there was great growth in the process of developing ideas, but the final animation formation process is indeed unfortunate.

1. Quentin blake basic research

2 – 1. Recreating Quentin Blake Style

1 – 2. Materials & Rough sketch

3 – 4. Using light box & Ink drawing

5 – 6. Water color painting & Inspiration

2 – 2. Recreating like Quentin Blake Style

Gargoyle character Thumbnail sketches

1 – 1. Tim burton basic research

1 – 2. Tim burton basic research

2. Analysis of an movie produced by Tim burton

3. Stop motion – Tim Burton

4. Enjoy the stop motion

I used some parts of ‘Eternal Father, Strong to Save’ as a song. It is an English song and is said to be used for funerals. The reason for using this song is to emphasize the bizarre feeling by simultaneously using two images with completely opposite atmospheres. Gargoyles originally intended to spew water out of the church when it rains, but it also protects the church from evil. So, while there are splendid gold foods inside the church, the internal gargoyles (except the medieval gargoyles) are quite bizarre and faithful to instinct. I want to interpret the gargoyle in the video I produced as’dead for God’ to protect the church interior, and this is consistent with my intention to commemorate the soldiers who died in the sea battle. During the production process, in the process of converting to GIF, damage was inflicted on the original GIF, which unintentionally blended well with the classic feel. What I felt through this assignment is that the more traditional media such as paper paintings and stop motions are, the more it is possible for viewers to convey the creator’s intentions more easily and in a fun way. Bizarreness is the main focus in the video, but sometimes it is comical and sad. At times, it was impressive that it was also warm.

Final project – 3D animation & AR

Before Start – Story board

Before Start – Thumbnail sketches

1. Gargoyle Sculpting

2. Hair planting

3. hair trimming

4 – 1. water simulation

4 – 2. water simulation

4 – 3. water simulation with 360° images

5. Texturing

6. Devil sculpting & smoke making

7. Screen Layout

8. Final light control & Cycles rendering

9. Video & music editing

To make the video a little more fun, I combined each of the three videos into one video using Premiere Pro, and downloaded and inserted copyright-free music from YouTube.

10. Enjoy the animation

The final animation consisted of a total of 31 seconds. The significance of this project is that it was the first to produce a short animation using blender software, and it was impressive that it was able to show a simple story. The shortcoming are that the objects I created did not move specifically, and were only able to move a simple position or size. These factors made the final animation a bit boring.

AR developing

1. Selecting objects to create with AR

2. Sending files to Dimension

3. Sending files to Aero

4. Placing objects in the real world

5. Video editing

The final AR image was implemented. The problem was taken outside, so the wind and car noises were loud, which hindered the video recording. So, I tried to remove the noise using Premire Pro (video editing software), but I recognized the narration sound as noise and only heard the wind. So, I tried to help viewers understand by inserting subtitles in the video.

6. Enjoy the AR animation

In fact, it took a lot of effort to create AR. Even if I visited the Catholic Church of our lady in person, I had to make a lot of attempts to create the perfect composition and light footage.

‘Interaction’ was implemented better than I expected. It was designed so that gargoyles could perceive it as a direct ‘effect’ in the process of interfering with my narration. In addition, the overall story was also made similar to the 3D animation I made before, so I wanted to help those who are new to understand.
In fact, there have been several attempts to finish the final filming. I visited the University of Gonville and Caius and tried AR, but the geometric shape as in the Catholic church of our lady did not appear well. Also, it was not a good environment for filming because there were many people.

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